Animal & Bird Medical Center of Palm Harbor
Medical Database

Infectious Disease

Brucellosis in Dogs

Animals Affected – Dog

General Information
Brucellosis is caused by the bacterium Brucella canis. The disease spreads from one dog to another during breeding or oral contact with vaginal discharges, aborted fetuses and placentas, semen, or urine. It occurs most frequently in breeding kennels, although family pets may become infected also.

Pregnant females with brucellosis abort their puppies, while nonpregnant bitches may fail to conceive when bred. Males develop swelling of the testicles and usually become sterile. Many dogs appear to be in excellent health and show no signs of infection but are capable of spreading the disease.

Diagnosis is by blood culture and/or blood testing. Testing of more than one blood sample is usually required.

Public Health Significance
Brucellosis can affect people, although the chance of infection appears to be remote. Have your physician contact your veterinarian.

Important Points in Treatment
1. Brucella germs are very difficult to eliminate, and the disease frequently recurs despite antibiotic therapy. Infected dogs are considered to be life-long carriers of the disease.
2. Infected dogs should not be used for breeding, and they should be neutered before starting treatment. Infected dogs should not be kept in the breeding kennel population.

An Important Update From Animal & Bird Medical Center On COVID-19

We are committed to offering a safe and healthy environment for our clients, pets and hospital team here at Animal and Bird Medical Center. The best way to avoid becoming ill is to avoid exposure to the virus. Taking typical preventive actions is key.

In being cautious and mindful of everyone’s safety, we are actively working to minimize your exposure to crowded exam rooms and long waits in the lobby.

In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, we have made some changes to our protocols in-hospital for the time-being…

In order to limit exposure while still providing quality care for your pet, we will be implementing special protocols to keep you safe.

We will have our veterinary technicians get a history of the patient’s symptoms and owner’s concerns via phone prior to coming into the clinic.

Our goal is for you to be able to bring your pet in for medical care but have no risk for you or our dedicated staff of transmitting the COVID-19 virus.

The Doctors and staff are dedicated to making sure your pet’s medical needs are taken care of during this national crisis.

We can still fill prescriptions for pick up, however, for those who prefer, non-narcotic and non-urgent prescriptions can be mailed to your home.

As always, careful hand-washing and other infection control practices can greatly reduce the chance of spreading any disease.