Animal & Bird Medical Center of Palm Harbor
Medical Database

Infectious Disease


General Information
Campylobacteriosis is an intestinal disease of people and animals, including birds, and is spread via contaminated food and water. The causative bacterium, Campylobacter jejuni, is found worldwide.

Watery, bloody diarrhea and vomiting are common signs in infected people and animals. The bacterium may be transmitted back and forth between the pet and owner.

It takes 1 to 10 days for signs of illness to develop after the bacteria are ingested. The disease may last 7 to 10 days, but untreated pets may shed the bacteria in the feces for 1 to 4 months, and people may pass it for 2 to 7 weeks. Outside the body, the bacteria may remain alive in infected feces, water, and milk for approximately 1 month, depending on conditions. It has been reported to cause about 10% of all diarrheal illnesses in people.

Important Points in Treatment

1. The disease can usually be cured, especially if no other serious, underlying disorder exists in your pet. Supportive treatment, including fluids, may be required if dehydration is evident.
2. Special laboratory tests are required to determine if your pet has the disease. Other conditions may be ruled out by a process of elimination, and an assumed diagnoses of campylobacteriosis may be made on the basis of signs and response to medication.
3. Prevention is the best approach. Feed properly processed foods and noncontaminated water. Do not leave moist foods in temperatures 41°  to 140° F for more than a total of 3 hours (moist, high-protein foods support bacterial growth more readily than dry foods).
4. Practice good hygiene, including washing hands before preparing foods for people or animals. Be especially vigilant of children’s hands after playing with pets.
5. The bacteria may be passed for several weeks by way of feces in untreated pets and people.

An Important Update From Animal & Bird Medical Center On COVID-19

We are committed to offering a safe and healthy environment for our clients, pets and hospital team here at Animal and Bird Medical Center. The best way to avoid becoming ill is to avoid exposure to the virus. Taking typical preventive actions is key.

In being cautious and mindful of everyone’s safety, we are actively working to minimize your exposure to crowded exam rooms and long waits in the lobby.

In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, we have made some changes to our protocols in-hospital for the time-being…

In order to limit exposure while still providing quality care for your pet, we will be implementing special protocols to keep you safe.

We will have our veterinary technicians get a history of the patient’s symptoms and owner’s concerns via phone prior to coming into the clinic.

Our goal is for you to be able to bring your pet in for medical care but have no risk for you or our dedicated staff of transmitting the COVID-19 virus.

The Doctors and staff are dedicated to making sure your pet’s medical needs are taken care of during this national crisis.

We can still fill prescriptions for pick up, however, for those who prefer, non-narcotic and non-urgent prescriptions can be mailed to your home.

As always, careful hand-washing and other infection control practices can greatly reduce the chance of spreading any disease.