Infrequent and/or difficult bowel movements are termed constipation. Dry, hard stools cause pain and straining.
Constipation is a sign of large bowel problems and is not a disease itself. There are many causes for constipation, and often various tests and examinations are necessary to find the underlying cause.
Important Points in Treatment
1. The usual aim in treating constipation is complete recovery. In some cases, however, therapy is designed to control the condition rather than cure it, and lifetime therapy is necessary. Your doctor will advise you if anything other than a complete cure is expected.
2. Treatment of constipation includes diet changes, laxatives, enemas, and sometimes surgery. Hospitalization may be necessary.