Fungi are microscopic organisms found throughout nature. There are many types of fungi, but only a few cause illness in people and cats. Fungi are most often inhaled, but some enter the body through contaminated wounds.
Systemic infection means the organisms multiply and grow throughout the body. Organs commonly infected include the lungs, lymph nodes, brain, spleen, eyes, kidneys, and skin. Systemic fungal diseases are very serious and difficult to treat.
The more commonly diagnosed fungal infections include blastomycosis, histoplasmosis, cryptococcosis, and coccidioidomycosis.
Important Points in Treatment
1. Various laboratory tests and radiographic (x-ray) studies are necessary to diagnose fungal disease and monitor the response to therapy. Hospitalization is often necessary because many of the treatments require close observation.
2. Medication: Give all medication as directed. Call the doctor if you cannot administer the medication.