Animal & Bird Medical Center of Palm Harbor
Medical Database

Infectious Disease

Viral Enteritis in Dogs

Animals Affected – Dog

General Information
Viral enteritis is an inflammation of the intestinal tract caused by a virus. Viruses that cause enteritis include parvovirus, coronavirus, herpesvirus, astrovirus, enterovirus, and reovirus. Some of these viruses cause severe life-threatening illness, while others cause only a mild digestive upset. The herpes-virus of dogs does not affect people.

Viral enteritis is easily transmitted to susceptible dogs. Puppies, aged dogs, and those weakened by illness are most susceptible. Dogs become infected by swallowing the virus particles or by direct contact with infected feces, saliva, or vomit. Viruses may be carried on clothing, shoes, feeding utensils, and some insects and birds. Some of these viruses can survive several months in the environment.

Common signs of viral enteritis include depression, fever, loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, and blood in the stools. Heart muscle damage may occur with some of these viral infections.

Important Points in Treatment
1. Because dogs with viral enteritis tend to vomit oral medications and food, hospitalization and intravenous fluid therapy are often necessary.
2. Blood tests are necessary to diagnose viral enteritis and monitor the response to treatment.

An Important Update From Animal & Bird Medical Center On COVID-19

We are committed to offering a safe and healthy environment for our clients, pets and hospital team here at Animal and Bird Medical Center. The best way to avoid becoming ill is to avoid exposure to the virus. Taking typical preventive actions is key.

In being cautious and mindful of everyone’s safety, we are actively working to minimize your exposure to crowded exam rooms and long waits in the lobby.

In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, we have made some changes to our protocols in-hospital for the time-being…

In order to limit exposure while still providing quality care for your pet, we will be implementing special protocols to keep you safe.

We will have our veterinary technicians get a history of the patient’s symptoms and owner’s concerns via phone prior to coming into the clinic.

Our goal is for you to be able to bring your pet in for medical care but have no risk for you or our dedicated staff of transmitting the COVID-19 virus.

The Doctors and staff are dedicated to making sure your pet’s medical needs are taken care of during this national crisis.

We can still fill prescriptions for pick up, however, for those who prefer, non-narcotic and non-urgent prescriptions can be mailed to your home.

As always, careful hand-washing and other infection control practices can greatly reduce the chance of spreading any disease.