Step-by-Step Animal Surgery

State of the art surgery for your pet Step by Step Ovariohysterectomy Surgery at Animal & Bird Medical Center of Palm Harbor

This is Kylie checking in for surgery with her owner Savanna signing paperwork for her Ovariohysterectomy and pre-surgical bloodwork.

We have an Open Hospital Policy; this gives all owners the ability to remain with their pet throughout any procedure.

Kylie, weighing in for surgery

Next step includes prepping and placing the IV catheter, so we can administer IV medications and fluids. Just like people. We spray Bitter Apple to prevent her from chewing at her catheter before surgery.

Before surgery we do pre-surgical blood work to test for any abnormalities that can interfere or complicate anesthesia. Just like people this is essential before surgery for safe anesthesia. Depending on age we have 3 different levels of pre-surgical bloodwork that we run. Mini, Routine, and Complete.
Dr. Koulianos performing a physical exam. Each patient gets this exam done before surgery.

Now starting with anesthesia. Kylie is being an amazing patient for us through this whole surgery.

In the following pictures you see our intubation process. All animals are intubated for surgery so that their airway is protected and so that we can give positive pressure ventilation for the safest anesthesia.

After intubated we then hook up Kylie to our ADS machine for positive pressure ventilation (which will breathe for her while sedated and control the amount of isoflurane gas anesthesia she gets), SPO2, and EKG to monitor her vitals. Also while sedated Kylie is unable to blink to produce tears so we apply artificial tears to both eyes while sedated to keep lubricated.

Before moving Kylie into the surgery room we shave around the surgery site to clear the way for a sterile field.
Surgical Suite

Here we have our companion Therapy Cold Laser System which increases your pets ability to heal faster after surgery or any traumatic injury. This system helps to ease pain, improve mobility, and speed healing. This system is also used in human hospitals for the same purposes.

The ADS positive pressure ventilation in our dental suite. This allows us to regulate the amount of gas anesthesia (Isoflurane) given to each patient while sedated. This machine is set to each patient’s weight in order to be sure they each receive the proper amount of oxygen.

Our Surgical Suite monitoring equipment.
This includes our State of the Art Wireless Patient Monitoring System. This allows us to record and monitor Pulse Ox, SPO2, Blood Pressure, EKG, and Temperature.

All surgical packs are autoclaved and 100% sterile. We use only one pack per patient.

Dr. Koulianos scrubbing before gown-ing up and going into surgery.

The surgery site is then cleaned and sterilized with surgical scrub and alcohol.


With the Doctor gowned and gloved in a sterile manner for surgery, he is ready to proceed.

Now surgery has started by placing a sterile field over the area where the doctor will make the incision. Then the abdomen is opened. The uterus and ovaries are identified and removed. The suture used in the abdomen is absorbable.

The doctor is then careful to check for any areas of bleeding or abnormalities. Then the abdomen is closed with three layers (the abdominal wall, the subcutaneous area, and skin). During this time the anesthesia/Surgical tech is carefully monitoring the patient’s vitals.

After surgery the patient is moved to recovery. By using high-tech anesthetics we can quickly bring patients out of anesthesia. The pre-surgical anesthetics and pain medications make for a very smooth and calm recovery.
Savanna is sitting with her little girl while she is waking up from surgery. Pets really appreciate a calm soothing voice and touch therapy during recovery.

Now fully awake, but a little drowsy from the post op pain medications, the patient is ready to go home.

The catheter is now being removed and pressure bandage placed to cover the catheter site.

Dismissal with the Technician and Doctor.
Discussing discharge instructions and post operative pain medications to go home with.
Going over all details and answering any questions the owner may have.

An Important Update From Animal & Bird Medical Center On COVID-19

We are committed to offering a safe and healthy environment for our clients, pets and hospital team here at Animal and Bird Medical Center. The best way to avoid becoming ill is to avoid exposure to the virus. Taking typical preventive actions is key.

In being cautious and mindful of everyone’s safety, we are actively working to minimize your exposure to crowded exam rooms and long waits in the lobby.

In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, we have made some changes to our protocols in-hospital for the time-being…

In order to limit exposure while still providing quality care for your pet, we will be implementing special protocols to keep you safe.

We will have our veterinary technicians get a history of the patient’s symptoms and owner’s concerns via phone prior to coming into the clinic.

Our goal is for you to be able to bring your pet in for medical care but have no risk for you or our dedicated staff of transmitting the COVID-19 virus.

The Doctors and staff are dedicated to making sure your pet’s medical needs are taken care of during this national crisis.

We can still fill prescriptions for pick up, however, for those who prefer, non-narcotic and non-urgent prescriptions can be mailed to your home.

As always, careful hand-washing and other infection control practices can greatly reduce the chance of spreading any disease.